Ask Alicia – Lake Street Armouries

Hi Alicia,

Do you have a history of the Lake Street Armouries?


Postcard of Armouries. Photo Attribution: John Burtniak, 2006.77.944, StCM



Dear Mike,

Before the armouries on Lake Street was built, the local military used a drill hall that was often considered more of a “shed”. It was located on Raymond Street, behind the Grantham Academy (current multicultural centre on Church Street).  However, this building was destroyed by a tornado in September 1898.  After its destruction, the decision was made to build a more solid armoury in St. Catharines.

The city purchased the land where the armoury currently sits. Originally on this property there had been a nursery called Stephenson Gardens.  The armoury was designed by T. W. Fuller, an architect that was employed by the Federal Government in Ottawa who was in charge of the drill hall construction program from 1902-1918. Construction began and the building was completed in November 1905.  It was officially opened in May 1906.

Construction of Armoury 1904. StCM 2540-R

Multiple military units operated out of the new facility including the 10th St. Catharines Field Battery artillery (or the 10th Battery of the 56th Field Regiment); the 2nd and 10th Dragoons and the 19th Lincoln Regiment (later known as the Lincoln & Welland Regiment) operated out of the new facility. The Lincoln & Welland Regiment Band along with the 68th Lincoln & Welland Cadet Corps also operates out of the armouries.

Bell Tents 1939. St. Catharines Standard Collection, StCM S1939.40.2.1

Originally, there was no fence around the property however one was installed years later. The land in front of the building that is now mainly parking lot, was a grassy field used for drills or as a place to set up many bell tents for troops to rest while stopping at the armoury between long marches from Camp Niagara to other locations such as Toronto. An outbuilding was erected closer to Welland Avenue for use as a utility building.

St. Catharines Horticultural Society Exhibit 1906. StCM 1635-N

There are other interesting facts about the armoury that you may not be aware of. Firstly, it was once a social hotspot in the city. The armoury would open its doors to various events, festivals, balls, car shows, concerts, the Mayor’s annual New Year’s Day levee, even wrestling matches.  Because of the vastness of the main hall in the building, it was the perfect place for large public events. By the 1970’s non-military events were no longer permitted as the Department of National Defence was concerned about insurance implications.

Kinsman Club Karnival 1938. St. Catharines Standard Collection, StCM S1938.55.4.7

Also, the very first transatlantic telephone call was placed from the officer’s mess in the St. Catharines armouries to a hotel in London in 1928.

The Memorial Garden that sits at the corner of Lake Street and Welland Avenue, adjacent to the parking lot, was dedicated in June 1994. Also near the garden is an armoured vehicle war trophy that has been on display for many years. This is actually an M5A1 Stuart Tank, nicknamed “Press On”.  This particular tank was used by the British Columbia regiment.  It had been abandoned in Holland in February 1945 after it was disabled by a mine.  It was brought back to Canada in March 1946 as a Second World War souvenir.

In 2015, MP Rick Dykstra announced that the federal government would provide funding to this federal heritage building in the amount of $3.9 million dollars to allow for major upgrades to be done to the building. Part of those upgrades were to include new ventilation, sprinkler system, boiler and heating systems and roof repairs.  Such repairs and government support allow this magnificent building to remain an active site for local military units for years to come.



The St. Catharines Museum and Welland Canals Centre, located next to Lock 3 of the historic Welland Canal, is a leading local history museum and community gathering place, engaging visitors and building relationships with partners, while demonstrating curatorial leadership and innovative programming and exhibits. The St. Catharines Museum is dedicated to engaging visitors in the celebration of our local stories and the cultural identity and history of the City. We are a community resource that interprets, exhibits, researches, acquires, and preserves material culture and stories of St. Catharines.


  1. I found this very interesting Alicia. Who knew?? If not for your blog I would have had no idea this building was used for so many functions, I really enjoyed the photo and have always wondered about that tank. Once again thanks for enlightening us.

  2. Was this Armoury also used by the RCEME in the 1960/1970? If so, which Squadron/unit was it.

  3. The Armoury was build on My Gr Gr Grandfathers farm..John McLaren…. 44 WEllland St.and 74 Lake st.was the farm houses…. his wifow, Euphemia McLaren, sold the property to the City in 1900, for $2000……. my Dad lived across the street tilll he was 32, and owned the house till the CAA bought it in the late 60s…..his son, my Gr Grandfather farmed other parts of the area, after the main farm was was called Stevenson Gardens… after the man my GGGrdfather bought the place off, in 1854…….

      • It would be nice if the proper names were used.. I have records stating the City of st Catharines bought the property from the widow of John McLaren in 1899, upon the death of Mr McLaren…. She lived at 44 Welland St, and her son, my Gr Grandfather lived at 74 Lake St.

  4. My Gr Grandfather John A McLaren, as the first maintance man, for the Armoury, he also helped build it……. and lived at 74 Lake street……

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